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Condition of Average In Insurance Policy

Condition of Average In Insurance Policy

The doctrine of average – or average clause is always applied in indemnity policies – primarily in property claims – fire and engineering. At the time of taking the policy the insured has to consider the value of the risk or subject matter of insurance-sum insured. He must ensure that the adequate value has been declared and insured. If, at the time of loss, it is found that the sum insured is less than the actual value of the subject matter, then the proportionate or rateable portion of the claims would be payable. The insured would therefore be his own insurer for the difference.

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Fixing of adequate sum insured is also important from the point of view of the banks or financial institutions who may have advanced money on the security of the insured property. It is sometimes found that the banks or financial institutions do not concern themselves with the adequacy of the sum insured so long as it is sufficient to cover the money advanced by them or at best the full value of the property on which they have advanced money. Invariably in such cases they find the problem only after happening of a loss when the claim amount is suitably adjusted for underinsurance and the full indemnity is not available due to the inadequacy of the sum insured.

Eg. If the value of stocks which have been insured are actually Rs. 10 lac, but insurance premium has been paid on a sum insured of Rs.5 lac only- underinsurance is 50%. Hence the loss amount indemnified would be reduced by 50%.

Under average clause, the claim is calculated as Claim amount = Actual Loss x Stock insured/Total Loss, where Actual Loss = Total Loss - Stock salvaged or stock saved

Insurance Law And Practice - ICSI
Condition of Average In Insurance Policy Condition of Average In Insurance Policy Reviewed by Blog Editor on Sunday, May 21, 2017 Rating: 5

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